CBD oil for Dementia, Rabies Vaccination and Stopping Diarrhea - Call the Vet #29

This week, I’m talking all about

  1.  What to do if your young dog has long term diarrhoea

  2.  Whether CBD oil is something you should be giving to treat your dog’s dementia

  3.  The best rabies vaccine protocol for your dog

 
call the vet podcast episode 29 about cbd and dementia, rabies vaccination and puppy diarrhea
 

CBD for Dementia

Hi, I’m sure my dog Tilly has CCD. She is 11 and has a lot of the signs of confusion, but some days, she is back to normal. I’m giving her Vitofyllin tablets. I don’t know if they help. Some days, she’s her old self. She has a lot of energy in the morning and loves going for walks. I’ve ordered another tablet called Aktivait capsules . I’m just wondering, do I give her both or stop the one I’m using and start the Aktivait when it arrives.

Also, what do you think about the CBD oil which is said to help dogs with dementia. -Melanie

  • Canine Cognitive Dysfunction (CCD), also known as doggy dementia or senility, is a common condition that affects at least 14% of dogs over the age of eight.

  • Vitofyllin acts to improve the blood flow to the brain to provide more oxygen and nutrients to the brain to maximize the way the brain cells work. Aktivait is more of a dietary supplement than a pharmaceutical drug.

    • You should always check with your vet before starting any medication or supplements, although there is unlikely to be any issues in this case.

  • In my personal experience with both of these drugs, they can make quite a difference in some cases. In other dogs, there may be little improvement but in a reasonable number of dogs there’s no improvement.

    • There is no way to predict which dogs will best respond.

  • CBD oil has been touted as a cure-all for everything. As far as its use goes in dogs, there is weak evidence that it helps in arthritis, epilepsy, and anxiety. Whether it is better than the drugs that we currently use, we simply don’t know yet.

  • When a dog suffers from dementia, they can become anxious because they are confused. CBD oil may help with this. 

    • There is also some evidence in rodent studies that Alzheimer’s Disease can benefit from CBD oil use. This disease is similar to CCD and, given the similarities, these studies are encouraging. Studies in dogs though haven’t been done.

  • Other dementia treatment options can include:

    • Food puzzles to engage and stimulate your dog’s brain activities (these are the ones I recommend on amazon).

    • Teaching new tricks.

    • Give certain diets or supplements rich in antioxidants, Omega 3 fatty acids, and medium chain fatty acids.

Related articles and resources:

Featured Resource

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Puppy Diarrhea + Food Intolerance

We got a Golden Retriever, Lotta, who is 6 months old. When we got her, her stool was often a bit loose. We changed to a quality kibble and things improved but the regular thing would be that her first stool was firm and proper, but if she went a second or third time, the stool would always be very soft.

She has recently been eating sheep droppings during a camping trip and started asking to go outside every hour. There she strains and the stool is going from very soft to just mucus running, and there has been a small amount of blood present.

She never stops eating and is just as energetic as always - just a bit tired after not sleeping.

The advise I got from my vet was that there could be many causes, just that her system might be upset and this would take some time to recover from. I got instructions on how to dose Imodium for her, anti-parasite tablets, Gastrointestinal Bio-Premium from Protexin (which I've been giving with the food now and advise to buy digestive care kibble.

She got the anti-worm pills, some Imodium, and the new food. She soon recovered, diarrhea stopped and she passed an 8cm long Roundworm which I suspect she got on our trip. 

I started to blend her regular puppy kibbles into the digestive care kibble but then she started to need to go out every hour again.

I'm thinking about the following options:

1) Take a week or two just on the digestive care food and see if she slowly gets better (but would 20% of the puppy mix be enough to cause trouble). Could it be that she just needs some time to take the system back in order after both the worm and the quick switch of food

2) Try to change to another brand/food if this is related to her having allergies from the food.

Is there something obvious that I'm missing here, could this be something like IBS, does that exist in dogs? Is there maybe natural for puppies to have loose/soft stools? What should I ask my vet to do next if this doesn't get better with my plan of treatment? - Guðni

  • Dogs do get an inflammatory bowel disease, which is a condition where the body's own immune system attacks the lining of the intestine. 

  • From the history, it sounds very much like a dietary intolerance. The fact that she always had a problem with loose stools which seems to improve with a specific intestinal diet suggests that the diarrhoea is more a reaction to the food she’s being given.

    • Working through a number of different diets should result in the problem sorting itself out.

    • Using an intestinal diet and feeding that long-term may be the solution. For puppies, be careful to ensure that the diet is complete and appropriate for all their needs.

  • Keeping up a parasite control is also important given the fact that she likes to eat sheep droppings. A parasite burden is going to cause more inflammation to the intestinal system.

  • If her stool is not improving and your dog has long-standing diarrhea, testing the stools for numerous different parasites and pathogens would likely be the next step to rule out infections such as Giardia, Salmonella and Campylobacter.

  • There are other possibilities such as exocrine pancreatic insufficiency or vitamin B12 deficiency as a result of long-standing diarrhea. Specific blood tests are needed to diagnose these. They are though pretty unlikely if your dog is otherwise growing and gaining weight normally.

  • Related articles and resources:

Rabies Vaccination Protocols

My dog’s annual vaccine for rabies’ due date is September 4, 2019. Please suggest the best method:

1st method is to have one shot of 1 ml (Virbac Rebigen) vaccine on September 4, and it is done. 2nd method is to have one shot on September 4 of the same vaccine as above and get the 2nd shot after 30 days. The same vaccine is shot twice with 30 days interval.

Please give me your advice. - Monty

  • Different vaccines are licensed for different protocols, and the datasheet insert should specify the vaccine protocol to follow.

  • With rabies specifically, there might legislative requirements to satisfy depending on where you live.

    • In the United States, each individual state has specific legislation that requires dogs and cats to be vaccinated against rabies at, by, or after a certain age. Then they need to be re-vaccinated at very specific times.

  • Some rabies vaccines require a booster four weeks after the initial vaccine. Typically, they need to be given 1 year later. Some then need to be given every year, others every three years.

  • I recommend talking to your vet about the best way to protect your dog from rabies, based on the local legislation as well as the different vaccines that are available in your country.

  • My preference would be to use a vaccine that only needs to be given every three years. I don’t see any benefits in using one that needs an annual booster if there is a three-year vaccine available.

  • Rabies is clearly a very serious disease, both for dogs and people. We want to make sure we are giving the right vaccinations, at the right interval, and at the right age.

  • Related articles and resources:

    • This page goes through all of the different requirements for rabies vaccination in pets in the USA based on state.


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